Dec 10

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All About Homocysteine

What is homocysteine?

Homocysteine is an amino acid (Building  block of proteins)that is produced by the body.

Why should I be concerned about homocysteine levels?

Regular blood test to check homocysteine levels are suggested because the elevated level of homocysteine can cause

atherosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of the arteries) which is responsible to increase the risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clot formation, and possibly Alzheimer’s disease.

Measures to control the elevated levels of homocysteine -

People with high homocysteine should be very careful with their diet. They need to understand that they need proper nutrients to cure this problem.

To lower homocysteine one needs to increase the intake of folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B 12 . Vitamin B12 and B6 work in conjunction with folic acid to regulate homocysteine levels.


Folate, vitamin B6 and B12 combine to breakdown homocysteine in the body but if there is deficiency of these nutrients then there is accumulation of homocysteine in the blood and which then hardens and narrows the arteries and is responsible for blood clots which eventually makes a way for the stroke.


Below is the list of these nutrients (Folate, vitamin B6 and B12) rich food.

To lower homocysteine one has to eat mainly healthy fats and oils and eat high quality proteins like organic eggs, wild fish, legumes, nuts, seeds and fresh dark green vegetables.


Along with dietary changes they have to understand that the homocysteine levels trigger up with stress so they need to reduce stress and should practice deep breathing exercise , meditation or yoga to make their body and soul relax and they have to cut their smoking and drinking habits to cure the high levels. Remember smoking creates B12 deficiency and alcoholism cause folic acid deficiency and deficiency of folic acid, B6 and B12 raises homocysteine levels.


Here is a list of food rich in folic acid, Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12.

Folic acid or Folate rich foods-

Fruits- Citrus fruits, Papaya, oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, Raspberries, grapes, banana, cantaloupe( melon).

Vegetables- spinach, broccoli, asparagus, collard beans, cauliflower .
Nuts and seeds-  peanut, pumpkin seeds, sesame, sunflower seeds, flaxseed, almonds.


 Vitamin B6 rich foods-

Bran (Rice and Wheat) , Pistachios, garlic, Liver, Fish (Tuna, Salmon, and Cod) , Hazelnuts Or Filberts

 Vitamin B12 rich foods-

Eggs, fish, Mozzarella Cheese, Liver, Fortified Soymilk, Salmn, Oyster, Crab,  Fortified Cereal, whole milk, Low fat buttermilk,  non fat yogurt, Fortified Tofu,Parmesan Cheese, chicken

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