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Oct 16

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All about Obesity- cause and cure

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What is Obesity?

Obesity refers to a medical condition where the body has an excess abnormal accumulation of body fat to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on wellbeingness, leading to decreased life expectancy and other major heath issues. A person is considered obese when his or her weight is 20% or more overhead the  normal weight. The most common measure of obesity is the body mass index, or BMI

What causes Obesity?

A number of factors are known to accelerate obesity and these may include:

Overeating- Overeating is the major cause of over weight. Peope keep on eating even when they are not hungry. Their calorie intake is too high then calorie consumed. As a result, the excess calories are converted into fats and are stored in the adipose tissues, making a person obese

Inactivity- A life of inactivity is a hazardous to the health of any individual. Today sedentary lifestyle is one of the major cause of obesity. People who are highly inactive and lack physical activity reduces their chance of burning calories which  leads toaccumulation of body fat which first makes a person overweight and than obese  A life of inactivity is a danger to the health of any person

Heredity- Obesity (and thinness) tends to run in families. A family history of obesity is another predisposing factor for one to become obese. Although we have limited control of our genes, a good understanding of our physiological processes and the nutritional requirements of our bodies may help fight its occurrence.

Age. Age is another significant reason which can make you fat. With age body’s metabolism slows down which means body’s calorie requirement reduces. So if you are eating the same at the age of 50 what you were eating at 30 then you will certainly observe weight gain.

Gender. Women tend to be more overweight than men. Men have a higher resting metabolic rate (meaning they burn more energy at rest) than women, so men require more calories to maintain their body weight. Additionally, when women become postmenopausal, their metabolic rate decreases. That is partly why many women gain weight after menopause.

What Are the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity?

Obesity is a serious problem because it gives enormous physiological burden to the body. Moreover today many children are obese so we have to take this problem seriously as childhood obesity is a threat to nations develpoment.

 

Heart Disease and obesity

 

- Obesity gives way to many heart disease as body mass index rises, so does the risk for coronary heart disease(CHD). CHD is a condition in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart.Plaque can narrow or block the coronary arteries and reduce blood flow to the heart muscle. This can cause angina (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) or a heart attack. (Angina is chest pain or discomfort.) It also leads to abnormal increase in blood level , which means high LDL “bad cholesterol”.

 

High Blood Pressure and obesity

Cancer

Being overweight or obese raises your risk for colon, breast, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers.

 

Osteoarthritis-

Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem of the knees, hips, and lower back. The condition occurs if the tissue that protects the joints wears away. Extra weight can put more pressure and wear on joints, causing pain.

Tips to avoid obesity-

Exercise-

Try to take out 1hour daily for exercise. The more you exercise the more calories you burn and more fit you will be. It’s not only the gym where you can lose weight but there are other activities too with which you can shed kilos and that too happily. Choices of exercise-Top 6 exercise to lose weight.

Aim for healthy snacking-

A snack is a small portion of food eaten between meals. At times people tend to eat heavy foods in name of snacks which is too dangerous for health.Healthy snacking is important as it boost energy between the meals and boost nutrition.Every one should aim for three proper meals and two mid meals and mid meals. Here we have a list of healthy snacks

Avoid Unheathy foods

which are refined, heavily Processed, high in sdium, high in sugar, contains trans fats, or hydrogenated oils and carbonated or fizzy drinks.  Here we have a list of unhealthy foods

Dietary Changes-

Proteins keeps you fuller for a longer time so include proteins in every meal. Eat food which boost your metabolism like green tea, Fruits such as berries, apples, pears and grape fruits. Eat more fibre rich foods like chia seeds, Flaxseeds, Salad, Oats, Brown rice .

Eat lots of Raw Vegetables and fruits

; they are an excellent source of antioxidants, enzymes and vitamins. In addition to this, they have a high fiber content which promotes metabolic activity.

Avoid heavy evening meals/supper.-

After eating take at least two hours before you sleep. This will ensure that most food is digested and at the time of sleep, the stomach is empty. Heavy meals immediately before sleeping lead to over-absorption of nutrients and since the body is inactive, more calories are converted to fat.

 

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