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Apr 22

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Glossary English to Hindi

To have better understanding of the names of fruits, vegetables, lentils, Cereals, Spices and herbs we have made this Glossary Post.

 


Spices and Herbs (Masala)

English Name Hindi Name
Alkanet Root Ratan Jot
Alum Fitkari, Phitkari
Anise Seed Saunf, Shopa
Arrowroot Paniphal, Tikora
Asafoetida Hing
Basil Holy Tulsi
Bay Leaf Indian Tej Patta
Black Cumin Shahi Jeera, Kaala Jeera
Black Mustard Seeds Rai, Mohri
Black Mustard Seeds Cracked Rai Kuria
Black Peppercorn Kali Mirch
Black Salt Sanchal Namak, Kala Namak
Black Cardamom Badi Elaichi, Kali Elaichi
Green Cardamom Choti Elaichi, Hari Elaichi
Carom Seeds Ajwain
Cassia Jangli Dalchini
Cayenne Pepper Lal Mirch
Celery Seeds Ajmud
Cilantro Hara Dhania
Citric Acid Nimbu Satva, Nimboo Phool, Saju na Phool
Cinnamon Dalchini
Cloves Laung
Coriander Seeds Dhania
Cumin Seeds Jeera
Curry Leaf Kari Patta
Dill Soa, Shepu
Fennel Saunf
Fenugreek Leaves Dried Kasoori Methi
Fenugreek Seeds Methi Dana
Garcinia indica Kokum
Garlic Fresh Lehsun
Ginger Fresh Adrak
Ginder Dried Soonth, Saunth
Gold Leaf Edible Sone ka varkh
Gum Gondh, Dink
Green Chilli Hari Mirch
Honey Shahad, Madha
Licorice Mulathi, Jeth Madh
Long Pepper Pippali
Lotus Seeds Pop Makhana
Jaggery Gur, Raw Sugar Cake
Mace Javitri
Mango Powder Amchoor, Dried Tart Green Mango Powder
Mustard Seeds Sarson,, Rai
Mustard Seeds Cracked Rai Curia
Mustard Oil Rai / sarson ka tel
Nigella Seeds Kalonji
Nutmeg Jaifal
Onion Pyaz
Paprika Lal Mirch
Garden Mint Pudina
Pomegranate Seeds Anardana
Poppy Seeds Khus Khus
Red Chilli Lal Mirch
Rose Water Gulab Jalcashew
Sage Kamarkas
Saffron Kesar
Salt Namak
Sea Salt Saindha Namak
Black Salt Kala Namak
Scallion / Spring Onion Hara Pyaz
Screwpine Essence Kewra Essence
Sesame Til
Shallot Gandhana
Silver Edible Leaf Chandi Varak
Star Anise Chakriphool
Sugar Chini
Sumac Sumaq
Tamarind Imli
Turmeric Haldi
Vinegar Sirka
White Pepper Safed Mirch
   

Dried Fruits and Nuts (Mewa)

Apricot dried Jardaloo
Dates Khajoor
Dates Dried Kharik, Chhuhara
Fig Anjeer
Gooseberry Indian(Embilica) Amla
Prunes Aloo bukhara, Manukka
Raisins Kishmish
Raisins seedless yellow Sultana
Almonds Badaam
Cantaloupe Seeds Kharbooz ke beej
Cashew nuts Kajoo, Kaju
Coconut Nariyal, Kopra
Flaxseeds Alsi
Lotus Seeds Pop /Gorgon Nut Puffed Kernel Makhana
Peanuts Moong phalli
Pine nuts Chilgoza
Pistachio Nuts Pista
Pistachio Soft Chironghi
Pumpkin Seeds Kaddu ke beej
Safflower Kusam, Kusambo
Sesame – White Safed Til
Seasame Black Kaali Til
Sunflower Sooraj Mukhi
Watermelon seeds Tarbooz ke beej / Magaj
Walnuts Akhrot, Akhroat

Fruits

English Name Hindi Name
Apple Seb
Apricot Zardaloo
Avocado Makhanphal
Banana Kela
Cantaloupe Melon Kharbooja
Cranberry Karonda
Fig Anjeer
Gooseberry Indian Amla
Grapes Angoor
Grapefruit Chakutra
Guava Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal, Fanas
Java Plum Jamoon,
Lime, Lemon Nimbu
Lychee Leechee
Mango Aam
Mulberry Shehtoot
Plum Karonda
Olives Zetoon
Orange Santra
Papaya Papeeta
Peach Aadoo
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Ananas, Anaanaas
Plum Aloo Bukhara
Pomegranate Anar
Persimmons Raabu
Sapota Chickoo
Star Fruit Kamrakh
Sugar Cane Ganna
Sweet Lime Mausambi
Water Melon Tarbooj
   
Grains Lentils Flours
English Name Hindi Name
Barley Juan,
Buckwheat Kuttu
Cracked Wheat Dalia
Flour (Durum Wheat, Whole Wheat,
Whole Grain Flour)
Atta
Flour Chickpea  Besan
Flour Refined (Super refined wheat flour) Maida
Flour Maize Makki Atta
Millet – Barnyard Jhungori
Millet-Finger Ragi
Millet Foxtail Kheri
Millet Great Sorghum Jowar
Millet – Little Kodo Kodo
Millet – Pearl Spiked Bajara
Oats Vilayati Kuan
Rice Chawal
Rice flakes – Flattened Poha
Rice Puffed Murmura
Semolina Sooji, Rava,
Tapioca (Cassava) Starch Balls Sabudana
Vermicilli Seviyan
Wheat Gehun, Gehoon
Wheat Flour Gehun Atta.
 

Legumes Beans

English Name Hindi Name
Alubia Safed Rajma
Black Matpe (Beans) Urad
Chick peas Chana
Fava Vaal
Field Pea Split Matar Dal
Garbanzo Beans Kabuli Chana
Mung Beans Moong
Lima beans sem phali
Red Kidney Beans Rajma
Lentil Masoor
Pigeon Peas Arhar, Toor
Pinto Beans Chitri-waale Rajma
Soya Beans Bhatma
Whole Beans Sabut
Split Beans Dal
Split Skinless Black Chickpeas Chana Dal
Decorticated Skinless Beans Dhuli
   
Vegetables
English Name Hindi Name
Amaranth - Chauli, Chavli leaves
Aubergines Baingan
Cluster Beans Gawar
French Beans Pharas Beans
Aubergine, Brinjal, Eggplant Baingan
Beet root Chukandar
Bell Pepper, Capsicum Shimla Mirch
Celery Ajmund
Cabbage Bandh Gobi, Patta Gobi
Carrot Gajar
Cauliflower Phool Gobi
Cilantro, Coriander Leaves Hara Dhania
Colocasia Taro, Eddo
Arbi Arvi
Corn Kernel Makkai
Corn on the Cob Bhutta
Cow pea Lobhia
Cucumber Kheera, Kakri,
Ash Gourd Petha
Bitter Gourd Karela
Bottle Gourd Lauki, Ghiya
Tidged Gourd Torai
Snake Gourd Chichinda
Jackfruit Kathal
Kohl Rabi Ganth Gobi
Lotus Stem Bhein, Kamal Kakri,
Mushrooms Khumb
Mustard Leaves Sarson Patta
Natal Pum Karonda
Okra Bhindi
Onion Piyaz
Green Peas Mattar
Mint Leaves Hara Pudina
Potato Aloo
Pumpkin(British, Australian) Kaddu
American butternut or winter squash  
Radish Mooli
Spring Onion Hari Piyaz
Spinach Palak
Sweet Potato Shakar kand
Tomato Tamatar
Turnips Shalgam
Water Chestnuts Singhara

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